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A male dusky grouse displaying in the snow on a log

Dusky Grouse (Dendragapus obscurus)

  • Found in the interior Rocky Mountain region from the Yukon to the Arizona-New Mexico border, including the sky island habitats of the Great Basin

  • Found throughout Utah's mountains

  • Formerly known as the Blue Grouse

  • Uses sagebrush steppe, mountain shrubland, aspen, and conifer for habitat

  • Reverse migration, up in elevation during the winter and consumes nothing but conifer needles throughout the winter

A ruffed grouse standing in the snow by a spruce tree

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)

  • Most widely distributed grouse in North America, from the east to west coasts, from as far south as the southern Appalachian Mountains and southern Rockies, north to the Boreal forest of Canada

  • Natural habitat is mixed deciduous and conifer forests, often associated with aspen

A spruce grouse sitting on a bare branch in a tree

Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis)

  • Found from Alaska to the northern Rockies

  • Native habitat is coniferous forests, primarily spruce

  • Subspecies of Franklin’s and Canada Spruce Grouse

a displaying male sooty grouse on the ground

Sooty Grouse (Dendragapus fuliginosus)

  • Found within the coastal ranges from Alaska to California

  • Natural habitat is mountain and coastal coniferous forests

  • Formerly blue grouse, but split from dusky grouse in 2004

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