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a rock ptarmigan sitting on the tundra

Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)

  • Found across the arctic region and high-elevations of the Northern Hemisphere

  • Natural habitat is mid-elevation tundra and high elevation treeless areas in Europe

  • Pair off for breeding, and male aids in rearing of young

  • Turn white in the winter, but their tail feathers remain black

a willow ptarmigan standing in dead grass

Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus)

  • Found across the northern latitudes within the Northern Hemisphere

  • Natural habitat is lower elevation tundra or heather covered moorlands

  • Red Grouse are a subspecies that occur on the British Isles and do not change color in the winter

  • Pair off for breeding with males aiding in rearing of young

a white tailed ptarmigan sitting on moss

White-Tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucura)

  • Found in Utah

  • Found throughout the highest elevation tundra across the Northern Hemisphere and areas of alpine tundra in the Rocky Mountains

  • Natural habitat is high mountain/alpine tundra

  • Smallest bird in the grouse family in North America

  • Pair off for breeding and the male aids in rearing of young

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